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Read Write Inc

How can I support my child to learn Set 1 sounds and to blend?

  • Use pure sounds, not letter names. Watch the ‘how to say the sounds’ parent film on https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/
  • Watch the ‘Reading the stretchy sounds with your child’, ‘Reading the bouncy sounds with your child’ and ‘Reading the digraphs with your child’ parent films on https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/ to see how to teach Set 1 sounds
  • Practise reading known Set 1 Speed Sounds cards speedily. If needed, show your child the picture side of the card to help them remember the sound.


How can I support my child to learn Set 2 or 3 sounds?


What is Fred Talk?

Phonics, teachers will introduce your child to a toy frog called Fred once he or she is ready to start reading words.

Fred can only say the sounds in a word and needs your child to help him read the word. Fred will say the sounds and children will work out the word. For example, Fred will say the sounds c–a–t, and children will say the word cat. This is Fred Talk: sounding out the word.

Here are two ways you can use Fred Talk at home:

  1. Play Fred Games together – see Fred Games document on https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/
  2. Speak like Fred throughout the day e.g. time for l-u-n-ch! Let’s p-l-ay!


To help support the early stages of letter formation, we use the Read Write Inc sayings when writing. We also encourage pupils to use the sayings for each diagraph to help remember them. These documents can be found below.

Letter Formation Rhymes

Rhymes For Set 1, 2 and 3 Sounds